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Sunday , October 21 2018
Home | Opinion | Op-Ed: Screens Down

Op-Ed: Screens Down

Over the years, educators in higher ed have lamented that students at the college level seem to prefer their laptops that they bring to class over what is being taught during class.

Clifford Stoll in the 1990’s was probably the first professor to complain, all the while making incredible statements like “no one would ever order anything over the internet” and “electronic books would never become popular” while declaring in Newsweek “no online database will replace your daily newspaper.”

Stoll, a grumpy contrarian and world’s worst futurist, no longer teaches, however he has some company on his anti-tech in the lecture hall rants.

Daniel Willingham, best selling author of “Why Kids Don’t Like School” brings a gravitas to the argument, being a practicing cognitive psychologist and professor at the University of Virginia. He always, however, prefaces his arguments with “I am not anti-technology” before jumping off into the anti-technology abyss.

Willingham’s arguments are a bit more subtle, saying that the human brain can’t “multitask” therefore his students cannot simultaneously be paying attention to him AND their laptops. Others academicians have joined the crowd as well.

Joelle Renstrom at Boston University appears clueless as to why any student would rather stare at a computer screen than listen to her talk. Like Willingham before her, she took her complaints online, writing “And Their Eyes Glazed Over,” on Aeon.co wondering what makes that damn screen so fascinating.

Can students that are on their devices during a class lecture actually learn?

Renstrom wrote in her piece: “Some researchers think that we’re addicted to our technology. Psychologists have for years debated whether to add Internet Addiction Disorder to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Internet Gaming Disorder is currently in the ‘Conditions for Further Study’ section of the DSM). Advocates argue that internet addiction involves all the classic components of addiction: excessive use, withdrawal, tolerance and negative repercussions. But it’s tricky to distinguish between compulsion and addiction – some psychologists don’t believe that internet addiction is an actual disorder, but rather a consequence of boredom or unhappiness (similarly, television addiction isn’t an official disorder, either).”

This could have come straight from a Willingham article. Willingham once wondered why a student would be more interested in her Aunt’s Cookie recipe than what he had to offer at the front of the room. What could possible be the reason?

The professor vs. the technology. It is an interesting battle to watch, because in almost any instance, the technology wins. The professor might win the battle in a single classroom, but the technology will almost certainly win the attention war. (I wonder how Professors at UTEP feel about it?)

What could possible be the reason the Aunt Anna’s cookie recipe is more interesting than a lecture on cognitive psychology?

That is EXACTLY the question that every single one of these professors need to be asking. Why is what is on a screen more interesting than what I have to say and what I am teaching?

There is very little metacognition by these professors. Am I a good lecturer? Is my subject interesting? If not, how can it become interesting? Does my class reflect the needs of my students? Does my class offer a wide variety of learning strategies or is it sit and get?

How can I meet the needs of my students and meet them where they are? Am I forcing students to adapt to my teaching style, or am I adapting to their learning style? Who is the customer here?

Am I meeting my needs or my student’s needs?

What have they done to make whatever they are doing more interesting than what is on the little screen?

Renstrom even implies “Well, they are paying for it, they SHOULD be better students” when she writes “One might think that the whopping $65,000 cost of attending Boston University for a year would provide ample reason to maintain focus during class, but one would be wrong.”

I would venture to say that if I were paying $65,000 a year for an education, that it better be the best education possible. But who defines what is the “best?” Is she worth the $65K being plopped down by these students and their parents? I have been in rooms with people that barely made it out of high school that are articulate, entertaining, and frankly mesmerizing when they speak.

I have also been in the presence of PhDs that would put you into a mental coma faster than a bottle of Benadryl. The “best” education utilizes the best teachers and the best teaching strategies. Lecturing is not high on the list of “best” teaching practices.

Renstrom talks about having her students do reflection, and how they tell her how they procrastinate and are generally terrible students. But she never says how many of these distracted students actually do on her assessments.

Do they all fail? Does she have a lot of failures compared to her colleagues? Is she passing her students because of that cool $65K they pop into the coffers every year? How does her failure rate compare to nearby similar universities? If her students are passing, then what is the issue? A long time ago, before laptops, I was told that if more than 25% of my students failed a test, it wasn’t the student’s fault. It was my fault. I wonder if she ever heard that.

I am amazed at the lack of self refection that higher ed does when they bleat about students using tech in their lecture halls. Then I chuckle when they use technology to complain about technology.

Screens down.

***

Author: Tim Holt is an educator and writer, with over 33 years experience in education and opines on education-related topics here and on his own award-winning blog: HoltThink. He values your feedback.

Feel free to leave a comment.  Read his previous columns here.

About Tim Holt

Tim Holt is an educator and writer, with over 33 years experience in education and opines on education-related topics here and on his own award-winning blog: HoltThink. He values your feedback.

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4 comments

  1. Being a product of “old-school” teaching methods and having employeed them myself, I have seen their benefit. I agree with you that today’s student are very good at multi-tasking and thus succed at listening to lectures and using computer; yet I must insist that we need students to be able to do both.

    Unlike you Mr. Holt, who seems to laud technology over old-school schooling, I believe that the answer to education lies somewhere in between the two.

    • I agree Armando. My son told me recently that he wants out of GT because all they do is projects and research. He even asked why he even has a teacher because the computer does all the work. He likes to hear his teachers teach. Sometimes he likes things to be explained to him. He learns best that way.

      • Thank you Armando and John for reading my piece.
        Good teaching is a combination of all effective teaching techniques, be it lecture, technology,hands on, etc. Different students respond to different techniques.
        This piece is asking teachers, in this case college professors, to reflect on their techniques. If students are distracted, why is that? Is it the lecture, the content, the presentation?

  2. Here is an artilce that came out after I published this piece:

    https://www.edsurge.com/news/2018-05-24-most-professors-think-they-re-above-average-teachers-and-that-s-a-problem

    “A classic study found that more than 90 percent of professors rate themselves as above-average teachers. And two-thirds believe they’re in the top quarter. It’s math that doesn’t add up, and the study’s author argues that unreasonably high esteem holds back efforts to improve college teaching.

    The finding is part of a broader phenomenon in psychology often referred to as “inflated self-view.” Humans tend to think they’re better at lots of things than they really are. And that may be especially true in college teaching, argues Paul C. Price, a professor of psychology at California State University at Fresno.”