Staff Report February 6, 2018EventsComments Off on El Paso County Historical Society Begins Monthly Lecture Series Saturday
The El Paso County Historical Society (EPCHS) kicks of its 2018 monthly lecture series with this discussion about El Paso’s mid-twentieth century morality laws and their greater significance locally and nationally.
Jecoa Ross, UTEP PhD Student, will be presenting “Desert Lavender: Sodomy, Surveillance, and Sexual Policing in El Paso’s 1956 Morals Drive” this Saturday at 1pm at the
Between March and September 1956, a police campaign against same-sex desiring men—labeled a “morals drive” by the El Paso Herald Post—was one of many crusades launched across the United States to investigate, identify, and publicly condemn homosexuality during the early years of the Cold War.
But the El Paso drive is as much a part of the fearful imaginings of an anxious public that pervaded the U.S. at the time, as it is a crux in the more than one-hundred-year history of the Texas sodomy statutes and their enforcement.
For further information, call (915) 533-3603 or email email@example.com
Saturday, February 10, 2017 | 1:00pm
Burges House 603 W. Yandell
Free and open to the public
The “Krause Kasa” was a unique home, at one time located at 906 North Stanton. In an article in the Spring 1971 issue of the El Paso County Historical Society’s Password, Harriot Howze Jones told the story of the home.
Salem, Massachusetts, still has its House of the Seven Gables, immortalized by Hawthorne. El Paso’s “House of the Seven Gables,” alas, was taken down in the fall of 1969 but will be remembered by thousands as a quaint relic of the Victorian era. With its passing, one of last structures in El Paso made of wood has “gone with the wind.” The Krause house was one of the first houses in El Paso not made of adobe and the first “residence” built north of the tracks.
Ernest William Ulrich Krause was born in Berlin, Germany, in 1847. He came to this area in 1881. El Paso was a small adobe village with a population of 500 before the railroads came, but in the next few months it doubled in size.
One of the first trains from California brought a load of redwood, and Mr. Krause bought enough lumber to build a two story house. The lots he bought were in the desert, now the corner of Stanton Street and Montana Avenue. Mr. Krause designed the house and directed the building of it with Mexican labor. His German heritage may account for the elaborate carved wood designs on gables, cornices and window frames. It always reminded me of the gingerbread house in Hansel und Gretel.
To this charming house Mr. Krause brought his bride in 1882. She was Flora Beach of Gonzales, Texas. The Krauses had three daughters who were born in the house and grew up there: Leona, who married Earl E. Sidebottom and moved to California, Mabel who married Charles Montfort, and Kate who married Preston Ball. Kate Ball is a well known artist noted especially for her exquisite illuminated Biblical scrolls. She and her daughter Flora still live in El Paso.
Mabel Krause Montfort and her husband moved into the house with Mrs. Krause in 1945. Mr. Krause had died in 1932. Mrs. Montfort lived there until she sold it, just before her death in 1969, to the R.B. Price estate.
It was hoped by many that the Krause house could be preserved as a fine example of the period, but it had to be moved, and that presented too many difficulties — streets were too narrow, overhead wires would have to be taken down along any route to a new site, and the cost would be prohibitive.
Finally, there was no one who would guarantee to do it.
But thanks to Mrs. Jack Curlin (nee Barbara Price), parts of the house are being preserved, a bay window and a gable having been incorporated in La Villita, a shopping compound which has saved parts of several historic buildings and built around them, thus creating the effect of an old town.
The wainscotting from several rooms and the curving staircase from the Krause house are in storage awaiting some use in the future.
This, then, is the requiem of a charming house. It is too bad that it had to be taken down but those who knew it will never forget it.
*** Author: Jon Eckberg – El Paso County Historical Society
Walter Nathaniel Vilas brought big ideas, big names and big events to his adopted home of El Paso in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
Dr. Vilas was born on Sept. 11, 1847, in Red Creek, Wayne County, N.Y. He was one of seven children of Dr. Calvin Vilas and Mary Catherine Ford. The family moved from New York to Wisconsin in 1848 when Vilas was 1 year old, and from there to Lake City, Minn., when he was 10.
In 1863, when he was but 16, he enlisted in Company E, Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, and served until the end of the Civil War, achieving the rank of corporal.
He married Mary Ramsdell in 1868, and the couple had three children: Katherine, who married Joe Hixon of Fresno, Calif.; Florence, who married Dr. Herbert E. Stevenson, later an associate of Dr. Vilas; and Walter, who followed his father into the medical profession. Mary died in 1905, and the following year, Dr. Vilas married Lorena C. Matthews of El Paso, who survived him.
Vilas graduated from Rush Medical College in Chicago in 1879. He began his medical practice in Rochester, Minn., where he became a lifetime friend of Dr. William Mayo, father of the famous Mayo brothers, who set up their world-renowned clinic there. Dr. Mayo came to visit Dr. Vilas in El Paso for about 10 days in 1907.
The El Paso Herald of Feb. 2, 1907, reported that Dr. Vilas’ first surgery after leaving medical school was performed on his friend, “a story which Dr. Vilas tells with some gusto yet, telling of his own stage fright in the matter.”
Dr. Vilas came to Ysleta, then the El Paso County seat, in June 1881, as assistant customs collector, and he also set up a medical practice. He moved to El Paso when it became the county seat in 1883. The Vilas family first lived on the corner of Stanton and Rio Grande streets, across from the former Hotel Dieu hospital. They later moved to the corner of Wyoming and Oregon.
He became deeply involved in the activities of the medical profession in El Paso, serving as city and county physician. For his services, the county paid him the handsome sum of $50 per month.
He was president of the El Paso Medical Society in 1903, president of the El Paso Board of Health and was elected secretary-treasurer of the American Anti-Tuberculosis League. He also held the position of surgeon for both the Mexican Central and the Santa Fe railroads. For many years, he was chief of staff, surgeon and professor at Hotel Dieu hospital and school of nursing.
In these positions, he was involved in many interesting activities. He is credited with giving the first diphtheria shots in El Paso and with performing the first appendectomy in the area in 1884.
Dr. Vilas was half of a two-man delegation to the American Anti-Tuberculosis League’s convention in Atlanta in April 1905, where he used a novel approach to win the next year’s meeting for El Paso. Despite having arrived at the close of the convention, Vilas and Zach Cobb pressed the flesh in an effort to meet every physician present, and they distributed 500 sombreros bearing the message “El Paso – Health Belt – 1906.”
As president of the board of health, one of his duties was to inspect the heating and ventilating systems of schools. He began the inspection of milk and diligently enforced other pure food laws. When gunslinger John Wesley Hardin was shot by John Selman, Vilas was one of the physicians assigned to perform the autopsy, which reported that Hardin had been shot in the back.
Dr. Vilas’ duties with the board of health were not performed without some controversy. In 1898, the El Paso Herald declared itself “at odds” with Dr. Vilas’ city board of health, which had asked the newspapers only to use officially sanctioned reports of cases of smallpox in the city. The newspaper refused to agree to this, and it wrote about its difficulty obtaining the official reports from Dr. Vilas. The article also suggested Dr. Vilas was not being fully forthcoming about the full scope of the problem, asking, “Was Dr. Vilas simply misinformed, or — ?”
Dr. Vilas was described as a stocky, handsome man of compelling personality, who left no doubt as to what he meant, and on occasion was known to use profanity to make a point. On one occasion, Dr. Vilas was being admonished by the administrator of Hotel Dieu for his swearing. He answered, “You are right, Sister. I shouldn’t swear but, damn it, something has to be done about those damned nurses!”
Dr. Vilas was involved in many of the city’s social and civic activities. In 1891, he was nominated for the office of mayor by the Republican party, but was defeated by the Democratic candidate, Richard Caples, 735-596. He was commissioned by Texas Gov. Charles Culberson as a major and surgeon in the first Texas Volunteer Infantry in the Spanish-American War, and served for six months.
Upon his return to El Paso, he was asked to help obtain a charter for the Humane Society. This was understandable since, according to his family, he was quite fond of animals and had a number of pets, including a three-legged frog. He was also a charter member of the Pioneers Association of El Paso, which was formed in 1904.
Dr. Vilas also made headlines in 1904 for his shooting skill, when, during the weekly trap shoot at the El Paso Gun Club, he tied expert shooter T.E. Hubby, hitting 23 of his 25 targets. He won a bird dog for his performance in another contest in 1902.
The interest aroused by his inspections of schools as president of the board of health led to the election of Dr. Vilas to the school board, where he served from 1904 until 1909. He was president of the board from September 1907 to April 1909. During this time, he insisted that all teachers be examined for tuberculosis so it couldn’t be passed on to the children. He also demanded that all school doors swing out in case of fire, which is now a standard regulation in all building codes.
Another high point of his tenure as school board president came in 1908. Vilas, presenting diplomas to the graduating class of El Paso High School, made a “touching scene” in handing out the award to one special student who he had long known.
“The stork brought a scrawny, ugly little girl, but the parents thought she was pretty and loved her so much that they named her Florence for the favorite daughter of the physician” who had delivered her, Vilas said. “Now, that old family physician takes the greatest delight in presenting a graduation diploma to his little Florence, and to assure her that he was the first person to see her little face.”
He gave her a kiss and a “hearty embrace” as the “audience applauded between tears and laughter.”
Dr. Vilas revealed his plainspoken manner again when he tendered his resignation as president of the school board in 1908. When a trustee said he should reconsider, Vilas replied, “I don’t. It is against my business; it is against my bread and butter that I have given my time to this board. Now that the schools are over, put someone else in my place.” He later withdrew his resignation, however.
While he was president of the school board, Dr. Vilas pushed for a new school in Mundy Heights, which was growing rapidly. The plan for the building by architects Trost and Trost was selected, along with a statement that the building would be constructed with a $25,000 budget. Thomas R. Francis Construction Company completed the new school in the spring of 1909.
The board voted to name the new school Vilas. After his retirement, a portrait of Dr. Vilas was placed in the new facility, where it remains to this day.
In 1909, Dr. Vilas retired from his medical practice and moved to California.
Although he was too old to enter the service in World War I, he served his country as president of the Stockton draft board until the end of the war.
Dr. Vilas passed away in California at the age of 81 in 1929 and is buried with his family in Evergreen Cemetery in El Paso.
The El Paso County Historical Society strives to foster research into the history of the El Paso area, acquire and make available to the public historic materials, and encourage historical writing pertaining to the area and to develop public consciousness of our rich heritage.
The Society is a nonprofit organization, supported by donations from the community. Learn more at the Society’s Website.
The Tullius M. Wingo House at 4115 Trowbridge was designed by Henry Trost in 1907. When it was built, the home stood alone among the sand dunes with no neighbors close by.
According to an article in the Aug. 14, 1935, edition of the El Paso Herald, the home’s interior design was commissioned from Chicago firm Mitchell and Halbach and included leaded, stained glass casement windows in the living room and dining room windows featuring purple grapes and green leaves.
The windows were made and installed by the same man (unnamed) who created the dome in the Paso del Norte Hotel, according to the article.
Mr. Wingo, a prominent banker, was born on July 4, 1873. He held leadership positions with the Lowden National Bank, American National Bank, Rio Grande Valley Bank and Trust and City National Bank during his career.
Mr. Wingo was also a member of the Toltec Club and El Paso Country Club, and he and Mrs. Wingo were part of the “exclusive Fin and Feather Club.” He was active in the Liberty Loan campaign in 1917 to sell Liberty Bonds and “Give Pershing a push!” during World War I.
General John Pershing was a friend of the Wingo family. Wingo also campaigned in 1918 to outlaw saloons in El Paso, citing the financial benefits of such a measure.
Mrs. Wingo, the former Elena Rohrabacher, was a prominent society matron who hosted frequent gatherings in the home. She was known for her weekly visits to the hospital at Fort Bliss during an influenza epidemic and for opening the home to convalescent soldiers for weekly outings that included music and refreshments.
She was also known for the menagerie she kept at the home, ranging at different times from bulldogs, horses, pigeons, foxes and bobcats to about 100 birds which called the aviary home.
Their daughter, Grace Wingo, was “popular with the young officers” of Fort Bliss during many parties hosted at the home. She married one of them, Lieutenant J.B. Anderson, in 1915 and later became the bride of Emmett Aiken Jr. in 1917.
Their son, T.L. Lowden Wingo, received a commission in the army in 1918 and was an instructor in military tactics of 110 soldiers at Camp Mabry in Austin. He was married to Ella Mae.
He died in 1969, and Ella Mae followed in 1975.
As of July 2017, the building was the home and law office of David Ellis.
Neither here nor there: Mr. Wingo made the paper in 1911 when he engaged in a fistfight with an A.H. Richards in front of the American National Bank building on Oregon Street.
On that January morning, Wingo cursed Richards over the matter of a bill for $40 Richards had collected from Mrs. Wingo. Mr. Richards’ face was reportedly bruised afterward, but Mr. Wingo “showed no effects of the fight.”
Mr. Wingo claimed in a 1935 newspaper article that he and Mrs. Wingo had “raised 250 English bulldogs over a period of 20 years. … Grace Wingo was noted for her skill as a horsewoman. … A 15-year-old Lowden Wingo made the police blotter in 1914 when he was held up by two masked men in front of the family home.
As one of the robbers held a revolver to Wingo’s stomach, the other made off with five dollars and “a few trinkets of small value.”
Author: Jon Eckberg – El Paso County Historical Society