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Home | Tag Archives: New Mexico State University’s College of Agricultural

Tag Archives: New Mexico State University’s College of Agricultural

NMSU to Host Sheep, Goat Symposium in Conjunction with Ag Day Degree Program

New Mexico State University’s College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences’ Ag Day Degree program is expanding this year to include a sheep and goat symposium.

“The sheep and goat symposium is new this year,” said Marcy Ward, NMSU Extension livestock specialist. “We will be covering topics such as nutrition, animal health, reproduction, marketing and predation management.”

The sheep and goat symposium will begin at 1 p.m. Thursday, October 18, and continue the morning of Friday, October 19. The Ag Day Degree program will begin at 1 p.m. Friday, October 19, and conclude Saturday, October 20.

There will be a panel discussion with speakers during dinner Thursday evening.

A certification program in sheep and goat health will be offered Friday morning along with a wool lab.

At 10 a.m. Friday, participants will have an opportunity to become Beef Quality Assurance certified prior to the Ag Day Degree program beginning.

“If people who attend the sheep and goat symposium are interested, they can stay on for this year’s Ag Day Degree program that begins Friday afternoon,” Ward said. “As in years past, we will be getting back into the classroom to learn about animal science and natural resource management.”

Saturday, participants will get hands-on experience during labs focusing on grass and weed identification, calving problems and how to fix them, and reproductive techniques.

“After the Saturday labs, people are invited to stay and enjoy the festivities at the New Mexico Department of Agriculture Ag Day, prior to the NMSU Aggie football game against Georgia Southern University at 4 p.m.,” Ward said.

Both programs will be held in Knox Hall on the NMSU Las Cruces Campus.

Registration for the sheep and goat symposium is $20 and the Ag Day Degree program is $40. If a participant attends both programs the total cost is $50. Online registration is available via the website.

For more information, contact Ward at 575-646-5947 or visit the website

Author: : Jane Moorman – NMSU

New NMSU Extension Publication Clarifies Interstate Commerce Transportation Regulation

The recent enforcement of a federal regulation regarding transporting animals across state lines for commerce has confused not-for-profit haulers including 4-H and FFA families.

New Mexico State University’s College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences had created a publication that will help these groups understand the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration regulations.

“If you are crossing state lines where the hauling of the animal is involved in making your normal income, then the interstate commerce regulation applies to you,” said Craig Gifford, NMSU Extension Beef Cattle specialist. “Recently, the FMCSA has provided some parameters for enforcing the regulations that has clarified what is not interstate commerce.”

The FMCSA advised that it is not interstate commerce if the trip is an occasional transport of personal property, prize money is not declared as normal income, travel is not deducted as business expense and there are no corporate sponsorships involved.

However, there are some other common misconceptions about the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration regulations that the NMSU publication tries to clarify.

“We designed the publication describing requirements for people who typically are not professional for-profit carriers, but who may be transporting livestock, equipment or other items as part of their commercial operations, and who have a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,001 pounds or more,” Gifford said.

The federal regulations include:

– Obtaining and displaying a Department of Transportation number on the vehicle.
– Using a log book or electronic logging device to log the driving and non-driving hours.
– Obtaining a commercial driver’s license.

“Common misconceptions include that the requirement of DOT numbers, ELD mandate and CDL are all the same,” said Gifford. “Also that placing a not-for-hire sign on the vehicle exempts that vehicle from these regulations. Also that private agriculture-related activities are all exempt.”

All of these misconceptions are not necessarily true.

“Requirements for CDL, ELD and DOT numbers are all separate,” Gifford said. “Each may have exemptions, but they do not apply to all. For example, ELD exemptions do not apply to DOT number requirements.”

NMSU’s Cooperative Extension Service publication Circular 689 explains some of the requirements of the federal regulation for people involved in hauling animals for 4-H or FFA activities and rodeo; and other not-for-hire activities. The publication can be found online.

Author:  Jane Moorman- NMSU

NMSU Researcher Aims to Educate Public about Bed Bug Prevention

You may think the best way to deal with a bed bug problem is to only use insecticides. But many people often overlook the importance of using non-chemical methods and, more importantly, preventing the bugs in the first place. This is particularly critical in multi-unit housing buildings where bed bugs are very difficult to eliminate.

Alvaro Romero, from New Mexico State University’s College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, is working with other researchers to educate the public about preventing bed bugs.

Although many fieldwork studies have been completed in multi-unit housing in the last decade, Romero said researchers have seen that treatments often fail to completely eradicate infestation from these environments. This has led researchers on a different path of improving the approach to dealing with these pests.

“We went from only using insecticides heavily in the very beginning, to incorporating multiple tactics in order to make this program more effective,” he said. “It’s what we call integrated pest management.”

An assistant professor of urban entomology in NMSU’s Department of Entomology, Plant Pathology and Weed Science, Romero is the lead author on a report published May 31 in the Entomological Society of America’s Journal of Integrated Pest Management.

“This report is part of collaborative efforts of researchers from eight western states funded through a grant from the Western Integrated Pest Management Center, National Institute of Food and Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Agriculture,” Romero said.

“The first phase of our project was to identify the prevalence of pest management practices for bed bugs among tenants, landlords, managers and pest management professionals in the West. This information has served as baseline data to identify knowledge gaps and problems that help to define applied research goals for regional bed bug management. The next phase is to develop, compile and disseminate educational resources for multi-family housing and other built environments.”

The report – titled “Bed Bugs: Proactive Pest Management Critical in Multi-Unit Housing” – describes several approaches to managing bed bugs, including detection and monitoring, which is the most important component of successful integrated pest management programs. The report also describes the use of a variety of non-chemical methods, such as:

– Clutter reduction
– Interceptors, or bed bug traps
– Placing encasements in mattresses and box springs
– Laundering
– Steam treatment
– Vacuuming

“It’s difficult – almost impossible – to eradicate bed bug infestations in these particular environments,” Romero said. “A further step to manage bed bug problems is to have more involvement from the public, including residents, staff and managers.”

Romero said early detection is the key. And because many people in assisted living centers may be disabled, blind or wheelchair-bound, cooperation from staff is necessary to implement effective integrated pest management programs.

In addition to cooperation, education is vital in addressing the bed bug problem. Through outreach efforts, Romero and his collaborators plan to inform the public how to identify bed bugs and prevent infestations.

“We want to make available many documents that we consider extremely necessary, because education is a key point to bed bug management,” he said.

Romero said social behavior among humans is an important factor as well.

“Clutter, books under the bed – all those locations represent potential living areas for bed bugs,” he said. “And the most common way to transport bed bugs from one place to another is through the exchange of second-hand furniture.”

While people may balk at the cost and labor associated with integrated pest management programs, addressing infestations at early stages is actually less expensive and more economically viable in the long term, as it requires fewer insecticides and treatments, as with a reactive approach.

“We’re going to see the benefits of these programs in the long term,” Romero said. “If you effectively deal with bed bugs today – in multi-unit housing, for example – the next year you’re most likely going to see fewer cases of bed bugs.”

Romero said there is an abundance of information available to educate the public, especially on university websites.

The NMSU Cooperative Extension Service publication “Sleep Tight! Don’t let the Bed Bugs Bite! Practical Information for Dealing With and Eliminating Bed Bugs” is available HERE.

Virginia Tech has information available specific to the hotel industry, to the multi-unit housing industry and to schools. Click HERE for more information.

To view the Entomological Society of America’s Journal of Integrated Pest Management report by Romero and his colleagues in its entirety, click HERE.

Author:  Kristie Garcia – NMSU

NMSU to host Western Pecan Production Short Course in October

This fall, New Mexico State University’s College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences will host the 2016 Western Pecan Production Short Course. The short course, which will teach the public about pecan production, will be held Oct. 17-19 at the New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum in Las Cruces. The registration fee is $350.

The short course is intended to help farmers increase yields, quality and profitability of pecan orchards. Topics to be covered during the short course range from orchard site selection and tree planting to irrigation and pest control to marketing. In addition to presenters from NMSU, speakers from the University of Arizona, University of Georgia and New Mexico Department of Agriculture also will make presentations.

“This course will greatly benefit experienced and inexperienced farmers alike,” said Richard Heerema, NMSU extension pecan specialist. “Furthermore, I would encourage pecan farmers to send their farm managers and even their children who may be interested in continuing farming.”

Continuing Education Units will be available for growers holding pesticide applicators licenses in New Mexico, Arizona and Texas. This will be the fourth time NMSU has offered this short course, which has been held every other year since 2010.

To register visit The course’s agenda will be posted at a later date.

Author:  Tiffany Acosta – NMSU

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