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Home | Tag Archives: trs

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Op-Ed: Teaching With Technology Should Not Be An Option: It’s The Law.

In Texas, the law requires schools to integrate technology into lesson in every curricular area in grades K-8. Period. The law is the law.

And after 8th grade, it is assumed that all grades in all content areas 9-12 will just continue the work of their K-8 colleagues and integrate technology into almost all lessons as the students should be “technologically literate” by the end of 8th grade.

Required by law you say? How can that be true? Well, since 1996 Texas has written education technology into the state standards of education. These standards are called the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) are written for every single course taught in the state, from Algebra to Physics, to Yearbook.

Just as schools are required by law to teach students to read, multiply and divide, to understand the genres of literature, and the branches of government, they are also required to teach students how to properly use computers to complete assignments, keyboarding skills, communicate with others and other skills.

The TEKS for technology are called the “Technology Application TEKS” and have been, almost since their inception in 1996, largely ignored to the point where most teachers in grades K-8 could not name a single one of the six strands that make up the TEKS:

  • Be creative and innovative,
  • Communicate and collaborate
  • Research information
  • Think critically, problem solve and make decisions
  • Be good digital citizens
  • Know the proper technology tools, concepts and applications to use

Common throughout all of these “strands’ are students creating digital products using digital tools. Students should not be using computers as glorified typewriters. Indeed, according to the law, the TEKS, our students should be creating products and learning how to problem solve, communicate with each other and post work online as early as Kindergarten.


Let that sink in for a minute. Are your children doing that at school? By 8th grade, they should be creating products with a variety tools, working collaboratively with each other both in and outside of their school, working with mentors online, as well as be experts in word processing, spreadsheets, databases and presentation software, saving work online, and solving complex problems using online data,.

The K-8 Technology TEKS are unique set of state standards in that there is no single course attributed to them. Unlike say, English Language Arts, or Mathematics which have their own specific set of standards, the Technology TEKS are outside of any single curricular area, yet are supposed to be taught in all of them.

There are references, obliquely, in almost every single set of standards for almost every single other course, but they are not “required,” giving teachers and administrators an out by saying something like “The student may;” That means the student may NOT as well. Thus, they get swept under the proverbial academic rug, when it comes to curriculum.

No content area says the K-8 Technology TEKS belong “to them” thus many teachers and schools assume some other course or grade level will teach them, giving them the wrong impression that they can ignoring technology completely.  “That which isn’t tested isn’t taught” the old saying goes, and since Technology is a tool not a curriculum per se, it is ignored.

The mantra of “They will learn that in Middle School” has been used by some to completely ignore technology in almost all elementary grade levels at some schools. Sadly, many of our students do not “learn that in middle school.”

Because of this game of “TEKS hot potato,” the Technology TEKS are simply ignored in many cases. Even in districts that have some sort of digital initiative where students receive laptops or tablets, there are no real incentives for teachers to include them in lessons unless they are somehow self-motivated to do so.

Almost all school districts in the state of Texas pay for and use the Texas Resource System or TRS (, to provide suggestions and structure for teachers in all of the “core” academic courses.

TRS is used in over 80% of Texas school districts (including all of the local districts save Ft. Hancock) to provide a year long structure for courses, yet one would be extremely hard pressed to find a single instance where the TRS incorporates the Technology TEKS into their “instructional focus documents.”

Even the “standards authority” of the TEKS Resource System, which is a commercial product that districts rely on to provide guidance with what your child is taught, essentially seems to give a pass on the Technology TEKS and leaves it up to the individual teacher whether or not technology is taught and used in the classroom.

Consider this: ONE of the many skills that an 8th graders should be leaving middle school with according to the state law: “Students should be able to…create and manage personal learning networks to collaborate and publish with peers, experts, or others using digital tools such as blogs, wikis, audio/video communication, or other emerging technologies…”

That is just a single example.

If you had a child in 8th grade in any public school in Texas since 1996, they should have had that skill (among many others) before they left for high school. Did they? Have they? Will they?

If teaching what the law requires wasn’t enough of an incentive, the Texas Teacher Evaluation and Support System (T-TESS), the statewide method districts evaluate teachers, specifically mentions integrating technology in classroom lessons. A teacher simply cannot move up the “T-TESS Rubric” without properly using technology in the classroom.

The T-TESS is neither grade nor course specific, thus the state expects all teachers in all courses in all classes to integrate technology into lessons. (Integration means what the students are using digital devices for, not what the teacher is using.)

Of course it is up to each district to provide the tools to students and train teachers, but frankly, it is 100% up to the teacher whether or not technology is integrated into lessons. Even in 2019, twenty years into the 21st century, there are teachers who refuse to use available technology or incorporate it into lessons.

That is unacceptable, illegal, and educational malpractice no matter the reason.


Author: Tim Holt is an educator and writer, with over 33 years experience in education and opines on education-related topics here and on his own award-winning blog: HoltThink. He values your feedback.

Feel free to leave a comment.  Read his previous columns here.

Texas’ Teacher Retirement System Will Not Raise Health Premiums for Retired Teachers

After exploring the idea and stirring worries and warnings from retired teachers and elected officials, the Teacher Retirement System of Texas opted Friday not to raise monthly health care premiums for a group of nearly 68,000 retired teachers.

Last month, the TRS Board of Trustees considered raising premiums for TRS-Care —Texas’ health insurance program for retired teachers —by $50 per month, starting in 2019. But Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick and Sen. Joan Huffman, R-Houston, issued statements urging the board not to raise premiums, saying that the financial burden to fix the problem should fall on lawmakers and not on retired teachers.

“Because we are committed to our retired teachers, I am confident that the Senate will support additional funding for TRS-Care, and I am hopeful the next Speaker of the House will follow our lead on this important issue,” Patrick wrote in an August letter.

The increase being considered would have only applied to teachers under 65 without Medicare.

Originally, TRS projected a $410 million budget hole in fiscal year 2021 if premiums were not increased. On Thursday at a committee meeting before Friday’s larger board meeting, TRS said cost-containment efforts and other factors will mean the budget shortfall will be closer to $238 million if premiums are kept stable.

Still, that $238 million will have to come from somewhere, and the state has struggled for years with adequately funding TRS-Care. Last spring, lawmakers increased funding by $483 million over two years, but they also restructured the program and scaled back benefits, causing deductibles and out-of-pocket costs to rise for some retired teachers. Lawmakers allocated another $212 million for TRS-Care that summer, but the injections of cash did little to keep many retirees from leaving the program.

TRS records indicate that more than 30,000 TRS-Care participants have left the program since Jan. 1 in search of cheaper plans. Just 233,000 participants were enrolled in TRS-Care in August —down from about 269,000 in December.

The long-term challenge will be creating a funding structure that can keep up with continually rising health care costs. TRS-Care is funded in part by active teachers’ salaries, which are not growing as quickly as health care costs.

“We’re always fighting a losing battle in terms of that funding,” Guthrie told The Texas Tribune in early September.

Three retired teachers spoke during the public comment section of Friday’s board meeting. Cheryl Anderson, chairwoman of the Texas American Federation of Teachers Retiree Committee, said she appreciated the board’s decision to table the premium hike but is skeptical of legislators’ ability to fix TRS-Care’s budget woes.

“There’s always been a level of trust [with legislators], but based on what’s been going on the last couple of years, the trust is getting a little shaky,” Anderson said.

Guthrie said the system needs $12 billion to keep the health care program running over the next decade.

Author:  MATT ZDUN – The Texas Tribune

As Changes Loom Over Retired Teachers’ Pensions, Retirees Look to Legislature for More Money

After teaching for 36 years in the Rio Grande Valley, Rosalva Reyna looked at her pension and health plan in July 2016 and decided she could live a comfortable life and finally retire.

Reyes thought “no more work.” But that quickly changed, she said.

“At this point. I’m seriously considering going back to work,” Reyna said. “A retired teacher going back to work — so I can pay my medical [bills].”

Texas has a number of retired teachers now worried that their pensions may be lowered next year. The state’s Teacher Retirement System board voted on Friday to lower the expected rate of return on investments, meaning the state is predicting it will earn less money to use for benefits. Retired educators said they are now looking to the Legislature to make sure more funding is secured for the TRS pension fund in light of Friday’s vote.

At a time when the cost of living is rising, retired teachers are trying to survive within their fixed incomes — which has been difficult, according to several retired teachers who testified at the board meeting. The board’s decision to lower the expected rate of return on investments could signal a potential decrease in pension benefits and contribution rates, which are set by the Legislature — and retirees are looking to lawmakers to help offset the new expected rate, said Monty Exter of the Association of Texas Professional Educators.

“The burden is now on the Texas Legislature to step up and provide the necessary funding to ensure actuarial soundness of the pension fund and give educators peace of mind that they will not face cuts in their pensions,” Exter said.

The decision to lower the rate was based on estimates from financial experts who predicted how the rates would operate in future economic situations. Exter acknowledged that the board had a “fiduciary duty” to make decision on the fund based on advice from experts.

“We have looked at a variety of forecasts,” said Brian Guthrie, TRS’s executive director. Guthrie added that it’s the board’s responsibility to look at what actions to be take in light of updated financial forecasts, a system of determining how current and future fiscal situations could impact policy and other decisions.

Despite the board’s decision on Friday, Ted Raab of the Texas American Federation of Teachers said he’s confident legislators will provide additional funding after the healthcare increases and budget cuts.

“We’ve known for many months that it was very likely that the board was going to lower their assumed rate of return,” he said. “We’re going to be taking our message to the Legislature that they need to make a substantial increase to the state contribution to the pension fund and also to health care for retirees and for other teachers.”

Raab said they already have allies in the Legislature like state Rep. Terry Canales, D-Edinburg, who has already asked Gov. Greg Abbott to make funding for teacher retirees an “emergency item” for next session.

“My local teachers, who are on a fixed income, are now paying hundreds of dollars more a month (sometimes more) for healthcare services and essential medications,” Canales wrote. “These Texas teachers, who have dedicated their lives to public service, have increasingly had to make a choice whether to pay their mortgage, buy groceries, or pay for their potentially life-saving medications.”

Among states that only pay into a pension plan, and not Social Security, for retirees, Texas is dead last in teacher retirement funding — and puts little more than the required minimum into the fund.

Retired teachers were moved to political action last summer, urging lawmakers to patch up an underfunded healthcare program with soaring deductibles and out-of-pocket costs. The Legislature added funding to the program, but it wasn’t enough to entirely tamp down the costs for most retirees.

But Reyna said she saw deductibles rise after the Legislature’s decision, which has caused her to struggle to pay her health care costs.

Under her current health care plan with the state, Reyna has a deductible of $1,500. But her premium for a year is $2,400 — and her medical bills and doctor visits total $1,048. That means Reyna is paying $3,448 out of pocket for healthcare — on top of her deductible — until her Medicaid kicks in in four years.

Lawmakers say the uncertainty surrounding the budget makes it hard to allocate better benefits for educators. Many teacher retirees are already strategizing to get on lawmaker’s radars in order to secure the funding they need to keep their pension stable.

“Every candidate and every legislator needs to understand the contribution that retired school employees made and the obligation the state has to keep those promises,” Raab said. “There’s an entire community across Texas that supports public education and understands that keeping our promises to retirees is a part of that.”

Although the next step for many teacher retirees is to start the fight for funding at the Legislature, Rita Runnels said retirees just want “respect” from lawmakers when it comes to basic survival.

“We knew we would never become wealthy serving the state of Texas and the families, but we did expect to get decent respect,” said Runnels, who was a teacher for 32 years. “We thought that our healthcare would be fair pensions that would last us for a lifetime of serving the state of Texas and Texas families.”

Disclosure: The Association of Texas Professional Educators has been a financial supporter of The Texas Tribune, a nonprofit, nonpartisan news organization that is funded in part by donations from members, foundations and corporate sponsors. Financial supporters play no role in the Tribune’s journalism. Find a complete list of them here.

Author:  SYDNEY GREENE – The Texas Tribune

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